As a result, he became the first President of East Timor when it became formally independent on 20 May 2002. Coupled with the loss of a majority of the Central Committee Members of FRETILIN, this left Gusmão with the task of reorganising the struggle. In 1966, Gusmão obtained a position with the public service, which allowed him to continue his education. In 1965, at the age of 19, he met Emilia Batista, who was later to become his wife. [10] He was succeeded as President by José Ramos-Horta on 20 May 2007. Xanana Gusmao. One of six children, his father was a schoolteacher. June 9, 2001: The CNRT/NC was dissolved and Gusmão focused his efforts on the Association of Resistance Veterans – an organisation comprising former members of the clandestine network aiming to create opportunities for their skilled participation in the country’s development. Nine days later, Indonesia invaded East Timor. He served in this role until May 2007. His nickname, "Xanana", was taken from the name of the American rock and roll band Sha Na Na, who in turn were named after a lyric from a doo-wop song of 1957 by the Silhouettes. April 1998: Gusmão was reaffirmed as leader of the East Timorese Resistance and President of CNRT. According to the Associated Press, the incidents raised the possibility of a coup attempt;[15] they have also described as possible assassination attempts[16] and kidnap attempts.[17]. In announcing this he said, "I declare I am ready to resign my position as prime minister of the government...so as to avoid the resignation of His Excellency the President of the Republic [Xanana Gusmão]. [7] Despite receiving a vote of confidence from his party, Alkatiri resigned on 26 June 2006 to end the uncertainty. Also in 2000, he won the first Gwangju Prize for Human Rights, created to honour "individuals, groups or institutions in Korea and abroad that have contributed in promoting and advancing human rights, democracy and peace through their work."[19]. He started to work very early in life, mornings as a chartered surveyor and afternoons teaching at the Chinese school. Although the Indonesian government denied ordering this offensive, they were widely condemned for failing to prevent it. "[8] The 'hit squad' accusations against Alkatiri were subsequently rejected by a UN Commission, which also criticised Gusmão for making inflammatory statements during the crisis. Four many years of his lifestyle were spent in the Jesuit seminary in Dare, in the hillsides looking over Dili … After the appointment of the "Provisional Government of East Timor" by Indonesia, Gusmão became heavily involved in resistance activities. The rapid development of the East Timorese political process and broad international recognition of Gusmão's statesmanship and leadership brought numerous foreign government representatives to his prison-house, including US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright, former US President, Jimmy Carter, Australian Foreign Minister, Alexander Downer, and Japanese Foreign Minister, Masahiko Komura. Wolf Of Wall Street Money Gif, By the time of his release, he was regularly visited by United Nations representatives, and dignitaries such as Nelson Mandela. [1], On 11 February 2008, a motorcade containing Gusmão came under gunfire one hour after President José Ramos-Horta was shot in the stomach. Having worked as a journalist and photographer, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão took on the party’s job of Deputy-Director of the Department of Information. After leaving high-school for financial reasons in 1961, at the age of 15, he held a variety of unskilled jobs, while continuing his education at night school. [9], Gusmão declined to run for another term in the April 2007 presidential election. Upon his return to his native East Timor, he began a campaign of reconciliation and rebuilding. He has not shared about He's parent's name. April 14, 2002: Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão was elected President of Timor-Leste and sworn-in as the President of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste on 20 May 2002. Gusmão became deeply involved with the Fretilin faction, and as a result he was arrested and imprisoned by the rival faction the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) in mid-1975. He conceived and implemented the Policy of National Unity that encouraged cooperation with members of the Catholic Church and with the transitional authorities of Timor-Leste. [9], Gusmão declined to run for another term in the April 2007 presidential election. As a result of his high profile, Gusmão became a prime target of the Indonesian government. Street Machine Car Magazine, Taking advantage of this five-month cease-fire, he developed the first organised national clandestine network, known in Portuguese as ‘Frente Clandestina’. He has been Minister of Planning and Strategic Investment since February 2015. José Alexandre "Kay Rala Xanana" Gusmão GColIH, GCL, GCMG (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ ɐlɨˈʃɐ̃dɾɨ kaj ˈɾalɐ ʃɐˈnɐnɐ ɣuʒˈmɐ̃w̃]; born on 20 June 1946), popularly known simply as Xanana Gusmão; is an East Timorese politician. According to director Grace Phan, it's an "intimate insight into the personal transformation" of the man who helped shape and liberate East Timor. How To Play Cover Me Up - Morgan Wallen, Sarah Cooper Books, In 1999, Gusmão was awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. Xanana Gusmao and Kirsty Sword Gusmao announce separation. Born on June 20, 1946 in Manatuto, Timor-Leste. Upon his return to his native East Timor, he began a campaign of reconciliation and rebuilding. Tonto In Italian, Going Up Going Down Down Down Tiktok Song Name, Taking advantage of the internal disorder, and with an eye to absorbing the colony, Indonesia immediately began a campaign of destabilisation, and frequent raids into Portuguese Timor were staged from Indonesian West Timor. Hutong London Menu, He faced a kangaroo-court trial and was imprisoned. He has since divorced Emilia, and in 2000, he married Australian Kirsty Sword, with whom he had three sons: Alexandre, Kay Olok and Daniel. 12 of 1951 (illegal possession of firearms) and Article 106 (attempting to separate part of the territory of Indonesia). Alt-r® Crispr-cas9 Tracrrna, Atto™ 550, Gusmão was born in Manatuto, in what was then Portuguese Timor, to parents of mixed Portuguese-Timorese ancestry, both of whom were school teachers.

Having worked as a journalist and photographer, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão took on the party’s job of Deputy-Director of the Department of Information. [20], National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction, [ʒuˈzɛ ɐlɨˈʃɐ̃dɾɨ kaj ˈɾalɐ ʃɐˈnɐnɐ ɣuʒˈmɐ̃w̃], United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, "Xanana Gusmao-Mauk Moruk: Timor struggles with its past and future", Amnesty International briefing on Xanana Gusmao, Alkatiri's resignation 'would paralyse Govt', East Timor ruling party meets to debate PM's future, "Report of the United Nations Independent Special Commission of Inquiry for Timor-Leste", "Horta sworn in as Timor-Leste's new president", "National Provisional Results from the 30 June 2007 Parliamentary Elections", "East Timor's Independence Hero To Be Next Prime Minister", Rudd pledges more troops for East Timor – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation), "Prime Minister to receive Indonesia's highest medal of Honour on Friday « Government of Timor-Leste", Korean Association of Bereaved Families for Democracy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xanana_Gusmão&oldid=970453106, East Timorese people of Portuguese descent, Grand Crosses of the Order of Prince Henry, Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Honorary Companions of the New Zealand Order of Merit, National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction politicians, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 July 2020, at 11:17. Gusmão is an Eminent Member of the Sergio Vieira de Mello Foundation. [2] He attended a Jesuit high school just outside Dili. Portugal Vs England 2004 Full Match, In 2000, he was awarded the Sydney Peace Prize for being "Courageous and principled leader for the independence of the East Timorese people". August 30, 1999: A UN-sponsored referendum overwhelmingly rejected the autonomy proposal put forth by Indonesia and signalled the end of the Indonesian occupation of Timor-Leste and so the beginning of the transitional process led by the UN in Timor-Leste. [3] Gusmão left Fretilin and supported various centrist coalitions, eventually becoming a leading opponent of Fretilin. By the mid-1980s, he was a major leader. The Indonesian military commenced a campaign of terror as a result, with terrible consequences. The country joins the UN on 27 September. At the time Gusmão was visiting friends outside of Dili and he witnessed the invasion from the hills. As a result of overwhelming diplomatic pressure from the United Nations, promoted by Portugal since the late 1970s and also by the United States and Australia in the 1990s, a UN-sanctioned, Australian-led international peace-keeping force (INTERFET) entered East Timor, and Gusmão was finally released. Follicular Center Cell Lymphoma, In July 2000 Gusmão was appointed as a Honorary Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit (CNZM) for the furtherance of New Zealand–East Timor relations.[18]. Europa League Ball 2019, A former militant, he was the first President of the Democratic Republic of East Timor (third president overall, after two presidents during their 1970s fight for independence), serving from May 2002 to May 2007. Gusmão was interviewed by many major media channels and obtained worldwide attention. [12] The CNRT allied with other parties to form a coalition that would hold a majority of seats in parliament. [13][14] Gusmão was sworn in at the presidential palace in Dili on 8 August. 1988: The success of the initiative for National Unity prompted Xanana Gusmão to create the CNRM – National Council of Maubere Resistance, as an expression of a non-partisan national command of the struggle. Amid pressure from the international community, the Indonesian authorities were forced to transfer him to Cipinang, a prison reserved for political prisoners. As a result of his high profile, Gusmão became a prime target of the Indonesian government. August 8, 2007: At the Lahane Presidential Palace, the IV Constitutional Government was sworn-in with Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão as Prime Minister. Panaracer Gravel King Sk 38, During the early 1990s, Gusmão became deeply involved in diplomacy and media management, and was instrumental in alerting the world to the massacre in Dili that occurred in Santa Cruz on 12 November 1991. [11] The CNRT placed second in the June 2007 parliamentary election, behind Fretilin, taking 24.10% of the vote and 18 seats. But after Fretilin suffered some major setbacks in the early 1980s, including a failed 1984 coup attempt against Gusmão led by four senior Falintil officers, including Mauk Moruk. Let's check, How Rich is Xanana Gusmão in 2019-2020? In April 1974 he joined the staff of "A Voz de Timor" (the Voice of Timor). Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão is currently the Minister of Planning and Investment Strategy, responsible for the promotion of economic and social development of the country. He has been Minister of Planning and Strategic Investment since February 2015. Inn Mednet, He then became the fourth Prime Minister of East Timor, serving from 8 August 2007[1] to 16 February 2015. Amid pressure from the international community, the Indonesian authorities were forced to transfer him to Cipinang, a prison reserved for political prisoners. Ruta Lee Wiki, In May 1993, Gusmão was tried, convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment by the Indonesian government. Quay Co Op Cork Menu, Having worked as a journalist and photographer, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão took on the party’s job of Deputy-Director of the Department of Information. He then became the fourth Prime Minister of East Timor, serving from 8 August 2007[1] to 16 February 2015. He served in this role until 2012. Minister Gusmão supervises the National Procurement Commission, the National Development Agency, the Secretariat of Major Projects, and the Mission Unit for Integrated Regional Development.

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