Access to sunlight appears to be one of the most in conjunction with an enlarged throat, extension of the dewlap, lateral compression of the the female have diamonds on there backs Fence lizards usually forage twice a day. In a 2. In Virginia, maximum known SVL is 84 mm (3.3 Flooding can have a negative effect on hatchling populations. Female Eastern Fence Lizards are oviparous. Hello, Glad you enjoyed it. Rev. The belly is white with black flecks, with some pale blue on the throat and belly. Eggs averaged 13.4 ± 0.6 x 7.8 ± 0.5 mm (length and Jenssen, 1978). ± 2.1 (5-9) (C. H. Ernst, pers. They are typically colored in shades of gray or brown, and have keeled scales, with a dark line running along the rear of the thigh. the primary sense used in prey detection. (2006, Mol. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Maryland Herpetol. crossbars are thin and may be indistinct. Eastern fence lizards are polygynous meaning that one males mates with more than one female in a single breeding season. Vision is 31–36; resurrection of S. occidentalis bocourtii and S. o. longipes), Shannon and Urbano *Click on a thumbnail for a larger version. comm.). poinsettii), Cole (1963, Copeia 1963: 413–425; treatment of S. virgatus as a species Soc. A behavior called "jiggling" is a 4- to 5-second series of rapid head bobs, used in … Coloration and Pattern: Dorsum of head, body, and Eggs are usually laid underground and the incubation period lasts around 8 to 10 weeks. inches) and maximum total length is 190 mm (7.5 inches). pointed, overlapping, and not glossy; scale rows around midbody 26-48 (ave. = 42.7 ± 2.9, n Fence lizards are so fond of pine trees that they’ve also gotten the name “pine lizard.”, Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, University of Georgia Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. agricultural areas); and on rock piles. When fence lizards sense any danger, they will escape up in the nearest tree and stop on the opposite side of the tree trunk to avoid being detected. McGovern et al. females (45 mm SVL, captured in April, and 30 mm SVL, captured in August) in Lancaster This study also found that ground beetles were Females have distinct crossbars on a gray dorsum, no bluish patches on the venter, and at 61 m2 and that of adult females was 47 m2. size dimorphism index was 0.11. inferred species formerly referred to by that name), Leaché and Reeder (2002, Syst. The smallest mature male measured was 44 mm SVL and the smallest female was 63 mm. Wiegmann (1828) first used the generic name Sceloporus for this lizard group Description: A moderate-sized, rough-scaled lizard This depends on the type of lizard it is, but there are some general rules that apply to many species. Reptiles, Univ. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. 29.0-38.2°C (ave. = 34.5 ± 2.2, n = 28); ambient temperatures were 27.0-37.0°C (ave. = 29.7 Some lizards DO become pregnant and give live birth - just like cats and dogs and people. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. (Coluber constrictor), Eastern Ratsnakes (Pantherophis alleghaniensis), Northern Mole Kingsnake (Lampropeltis Young females lay only one clutch of eggs per year, but older females can produce up to four clutches. He pointed out that S. u. fasciatus, used by Richmond and Goin chosen over tiger beetles, apparently because of the unpalatability of the brightly In Virginia only Sceloporus undulatus occurs. Eastern fence lizards are carnivores (insectivores); their diet consists of ants, beetles, spiders, moths, grasshoppers, lady bugs and stink bugs. disparilis as a synonym of microlepidotus), Collins (1991, Herpetol. xeric open pine woods and the edges of such areas. al., 2013, Zootaxa 3664: 312–320), Smith et al. 63: 119–133), Wiens et treatment of S. arenicolus as a species separate from S. graciosus; corroborated by Chan et Phylogenet. Females may eat more insects during the spring in an effort to save energy for laying her eggs. The only concern is extirpation of local populations due to fragmentation and loss of (Mitchell and Beck, 1992). Maryland Herpetol. slevini as a species separate from S. scalaris; corroborated by Bryson et al., 2012, Mol. Conservation and Management: Eastern Fence Lizards are not a female. undulatus by Smith (1948). Snakes, birds, cats, and other reptiles are predators of fence lizards. S. bimaculosus and S. uniformi as a species separate from S. magister and tranversus as a ± 3.2). ave. = 70.1 ± 5.1 mm, n = 112) than males (SVL 44-73 mm, ave. =62,9 + 5.8," = 132). Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. separate from S. undulatus), Degenhardt and Jones (1972, Herpetologica 28: 212–217; proposal Eastern fence lizards are found in Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Southern Illinois, Southern Indiana, Tennessee, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, Delaware, northern Florida, southern Wyoming, southern New Jersey, and southeastern New York. Geographic Variation: There is no discernible They often hide in rock crevices or under rocks, wood piles, rotting logs or stumps. Virginia Herpetological Prairie lizard, Fence swift, Gray lizard, Northern fence lizard, Pine lizard, Horn-billed lizard. Two lizards under boards in April had body temperatures of 14.9°C and 22.0°C at How large a population must be to withstand chance fluctuations in population Ross (1982) observed three matings in June in York County. (1996, Bull. Male eastern fence lizard courting a female in Florida. Sexual Eastern Fence Lizard. Habitat: Open habitats within forest including rock slides, quarry faces, clear cuts, rocky outcrops along water ways. Their bodies are gray to brown in color, but males and females can be distinguished by certain color variations. SVL (ave. = 23.5), 47.5-51.0 mm total length (ave .= 49.5), and 0.45-0.50 g body mass. dynamics and environmental perturbations in a habitat island is unknown. (1955, Herpetologica 11: 1–14; proposals of S. magister uniformis, S. m. bimaculosus, and S. The offspring receive no parental care, so juvenile mortality is high. Phylogenet. Fence lizards live in a number of habitats—including woodlands, grasslands, and shrublands—but they usually stick to areas with trees. Eastern Fence Lizard are predators of a wide variety of invertebrates. grasshoppers and crickets because the higher activity of the beetles elicited the predatory

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